- Explain the significance of formation porosity and permeability in the development of drilling kicks.
- Explain the role of the mud column in preventing drilling kicks.
- Identify the early warning signals of kick development that can be observed on the rig floor.
- List actions the rig crew can take to help assure that kicks are detected early.
Kick Detection trains the student to detect drilling kicks as early as possible. This course illustrates the significance of formation porosity and permeability in the development of a drilling kick. It also shows the role of the mud column in holding back the kick. Several early warning signs are explained and demonstrated through animated graphics: mud returns cut with oil, water or gas; drilling break; pit gain; change in rate of mud return; decrease in mud pump discharge pressure; increase in drill string weight; and unaccounted-for fluid gain or loss while tripping. The lesson concludes with the proper actions that must be taken to assure early kick detection. These include noting changes made to pit volumes, maintaining trip sheets, using the trip tank, investigating any sign of a possible kick, responding to alarms, and proper maintenance of PVT equipment.